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Ephemerides (in Latin, "daily memorial") is a chronological succession of dates and their respective events.
Check below the historical ephemerides we have registered. Periodically we will publish new facts.
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Michelle Bachelet - President of Chile
41 - Caligula dies, Roman emperor.
69 - On the same day, the Senate recognizes Otho as the new Roman emperor, after the death of Galba by the Praetorian guard.
708 - Election of Pope Sisinius.
1342 - Born Philip II, Duke of Burgundy.
1535 - King Henry VIII assumes the title of Supreme Head of the Church in England.
1557 - The title Prince of Condé (French aristocratic title, used between the 16th and 19th centuries) is created in favor of Louis de Bourbon.
1559 - Coronation of Queen Elizabeth I of England.
1582 - Russia gives way to Latvia and Estonia to Poland.
1622 - French playwright Molière is baptized in Paris.
1649 - The French court leaves Paris (France) following the outbreak of the Fronda revolt.
1699 - The king of Portugal sanctions the Royal Charter that creates the Military Institute of Engineering.
1759 - Opening of the British Museum.
1763 - Saxony, Prussia and Austria sign the Hubertsburg treaty, which ends the Seven Year War between two of the contenders.
1772 - Santa Maria da Feira Castle suffers a violent fire.
1877 - Austria agrees to maintain neutrality in the event of a Russian-Turkish conflict.
1910 - The French Congo becomes French Equatorial Africa.
1918 - The Sacred Congregation of the Rites approves the cult of the Holy Constable, Friar Nuno de Santa Maria, later confirmed by Benedict XIV.
- Gamal Abdel Nasser, president of Egypt, is born.
1919 - Murdered Rosa Luxemburg, Marxist philosopher and Polish revolutionary, and Karl Liebknecht German Marxist revolutionary.
1922 - Ireland is constituted as a free state under the direction of Michael Collins, taking the name of Eire (Republic of Ireland) in 1937 by referendum.
1929 - The US ratifies the Kellog-Briand peace agreement.
- Martin Luther King, American leader of human rights, is born.
1943 - Japanese forces are repelled from the Pacific Island of Guadalcanal during World War II.
1943 - Inauguration of the Pentagon (USA).
1944 - The European Advisory Commission decides to divide Germany into occupation zones after the end of World War II.
- The 27th Infantry Division of the Polish Army is recreated, marking the beginning of Operation Tempest during World War II.
- Earthquake in San Juan, Argentina makes between 8000 and 10,000 dead.
1949 - The People's China Army takes the city of Tientsin.
1959 - Prime Minister Miro Cardona resigns. The commander in chief of the army replaces him during the Cuban revolution.
1963 - Katanga President Moises Tshombe accepts the United Nations plan to address the issue of Katanga secession.
1968 - A violent earthquake in Sicily kills 200 people and displaces thousands in Italy.
1969 - Soyuz-5 starts a mission.
1970 - Muammar al-Gaddafi proclaimed Libyan Prime Minister
- Biafra dissident Nigerian chiefs pledge to support the government after they surrender.
1973 - Pope Paul VI says to Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir that the Vatican is in favor of the internationalization of the city of Jerusalem.
- The United States ceases its military actions against North Vietnam.
1981 - Experiments with synthetic Interferon are started in the USA in cancer patients.
1984 - South Africa announces that it has completed the withdrawal of its troops involved in a five-week campaign in Angola against guerrillas of the South West African People's Organization (SWAPO).
1985 - Elected by the Electoral College, in indirect election, Tancredo Neves, the first civilian president in 21 years of Military Dictatorship in Brazil.
1987 - Afghan communist leader Najibullah announces in Kabul that his government and the USSR have reached an agreement for the complete withdrawal of Soviet troops from the country.
1988 - Portugal and the People's Republic of China exchange in Beijing the instruments of ratification of the joint declaration (13/4/87) of the governments of both countries on the Macao issue.
1989 - Jorge Sampaio, aged 49, is elected secretary general of the Socialist Party during the work of the party's eighth congress.
1989 - Finance Minister Maílson da Nóbrega launches the Summer Plan and a new currency in Brazil: the New Crusader.
1990 - The Bulgarian parliament votes for the abolition of the monopoly of power by the Communist party, ending 45 years of totalitarianism and openness to multipartism.
- Lawrence J. Peter dies at the age of 70, a psychologist who in the 1970s became world famous with the book "The Peter Principle".
1991 - The British parliamentary majority authorizes the use of force against Iraq on the Persian Gulf.
1992 - Belgian researchers develop the first hepatitis "A" vaccine.
1993 - Salvatore Riina, mafia number one, wanted by law enforcement 23 years ago, arrested in Palermo, Sicily
1994 - The President of the Portuguese Republic, Mário Soares, inaugurates the monument to the overseas fighters, next to the Belém Tower, in Lisbon, in a controversial ceremony marked by the absence of the 25 de Abril association.
1996 - The UN approves the deployment of a peacekeeping mission to Eastern Slovakia, Croatia (formerly Yugoslavia).
1997 - With the signing of the Hebrin agreement, Israeli forces withdraw almost all of the city, with the powers being transferred to the Palestinian authorities.
2003 - Retired Colonel Lucio Gutierrez, a member of the military junta that ousted President Jamil Mahuad in 2000, takes over the presidency of Ecuador with a platform to fight corruption. Alfredo Palacio takes over the vice presidency.
2006 - Arrival of Stardust probe to Earth with samples of material collected in comets.
- Michelle Bachelet was elected the first female president of Chile
2007 - Barzan Ibrahim al-Hassan, Saddam Hussein's stepbrother killed by the murder of 148 Shiites from the Iraqi village of Dujail, dies.