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Priest and Paulista politician (1784-1843). He is the only regent of the country between 1835 and 1837, in the period of Regency, between the 1st. and the 2nd empires.
Diogo Antônio Feijó (3/8 / 1784-10 / 11/1843) was born in São Paulo and was ordained priest of the Catholic Church in 1805. In 1821 he was elected deputy for the Constitutional Courts in Lisbon. Defender of separatist ideas, he is persecuted by the Portuguese Crown and takes refuge in England. Return to Brazil after independence. Deputy in the 1826-1829 and 1830-1833 legislatures, he combines liberal ideas with conservative political practices. It fights against absolutism, slavery and clerical celibacy, but calls liberal groups "killer and anarchist clubs". He occupies the Ministry of Justice from July 5, 1831 to August 3, 1832. In 1833 he is elected Senator and, two years later, becomes sole ruler of the kingdom with the support of the Chimangos - moderate liberal group representing the rural aristocracy. . It retains power backed by the National Guard, created with the help of the great ranchers, who in turn receive the rank of colonel. It represses the rebellions of the urban sectors that claim the autonomy of the provinces and the demonstrations of the restorers, who preach the return of the emperor Dom Pedro I. Authoritarian in leading the state and without his own support, he was forced to resign in 1837. In 1842 participates in the Liberal Revolution in Sao Paulo, but is defeated and arrested. Released the following year, he lives in Vitória, Espírito Santo. Shortly afterwards, very ill, he returns to São Paulo, where he dies.