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Tectonism, also known as diastrophism, consists of movements resulting from pressures from within the earth, acting on the earth's crust.
When the pressures are vertical, the continental blocks suffer lift, lower or fracture or failure.
When the pressures are horizontal, folds or wrinkles are formed that give rise to the mountains.
The consequences of tectonism can be several, such as the formation of ocean basins, continents, plateaus and mountain ranges.
To learn more about tectonism, click here.